Almeria geological evolution

Almeria geological evolution: badlands in  Almeria unique desert.
Almeria geological evolution: badlands in Almeria unique desert.

Almeria geological evolution

Any landscape at any region of the world is always changing and changable; under this point of view the mountains and valleys around us are not always at the same position than millions (or thousands) of years ago. In most cases the land on which we step on, was formed underneath an old sea that emerged to the surface due to the so called plates tectonic; this land changes are due to complex geological and global processes, and they are printed on the rocks that can be found when we visit these areas, as for example the valleys of Alfaix, Macael, Sorbas or Tabernas.

Geodiversity is huge in the Almeria region: volcanic materials, metamorphic rocks, evaporitic and sedimentary layers… we need few more materials to read and understand a big part of Earth´s story, experienced under the framework of a unique landscape in the most arid place of Europe and one of the most dry places in the World. The fossil and geological register is tremendously big here, talking us about the most recent times of what we know nowadays as Andalucia region (southernmost 8 provinces in Spain) and also helping us to understand the geological formations along all the Mediterranean basin, mainly on the las 15 millions of years. In Almeria´s landscape there can be recognized easily two different land formations: the sierras (ranges of mountains) and the depresiones (flatlands emerged from the sea and afterwards eroded by the effect of the ramblas (dry beds of seasonal rivers, usually responsible of generating flash floods).

Snowed mountains
Almeria geological evolution: metamorphic mountains at Sierra Nevada.

Our highest peaks are located in the sierras known as Sierra Nevada, Sierra de Filabres, Sierra de Gádor, Sierra de Alhamilla and Sierra de Cabrera; they are part of the so called Baetic Massif (Macizo Bético); the rocks there are mainly mica-schist, slate, quartz, limestone and marble… that were originated from deposits of any sea happening very faraway, hundreds of millions of years ago (perhaps more than 500.000.000). Later these huge masses of land were moved slowly adrift to their actual positions and lifted up by the collision of the two huge continents named actually as Europe and Africa, in the process named Alpine Orogeny,  global process that could be started 60 millions of years ago and that is still happening.

Almeria is no doubt, one of the top 10 places to visit in your life. Come and see… That was only an aperitif to Almeria geological evolution.

Our partners:

Picachico | Casas Rurales en Almeria

Hostal Rural Restaurante Alba

Hotel MC San Jose. Parque Natural Cabo de Gata Nijar (Almeria)

Spanish Nature

Spanish Highs Mountain Guides, Sierra Nevada, Spain

Kisacar Rent A Car

Jesus Contreras

almerianature@mailbox.org

Cabo de Gata summertime

Cabo de Gata summertime: Jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca  sailing free.
Cabo de Gata summertime: Jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca sailing free.

Cabo de Gata summertime

Cabo de Gata summertime, an amazing season to discover the most amazing and undiscovered world submerged under Mediterranean waters; it is just really time to go down and look for it; swimming with jellyfishes (Mauve stinger as an example) will make us feel as if we were in the middle of the open ocean, with an important difference: we are on-shore. Do not forget your wet-suit for in case of …  Anyway the best option is being guided by a local expert that knows any criature here down and up the sea. Do you dare to join Jesus a snorkeling trip in Cabo de Gata National Park?. Only in summer time.

Enjoying wildlife under the sea is not only to live the experience of seeing and touching; knowledge is important, so that we can understand that not all creatures are natural in some of the places, but have been introduced by human activity, as for example this nice crab Sally Lightfoot, whose latin name is Percnon gibbesi; anyway it is also another jewel in our seas, although not very deared by conservationists.

Cabo de Gata summertime: Percnon gibessi is an invasive species.
Cabo de Gata summertime: Percnon gibessi is an invasive species.

Indeed, if you want to come for discovering the deep ocean in shallow waters, to feel adrenaline flowing from your brain… but with totally safety, feeling and touching with your feet the sea bottom at any moment, be very sure that this snorkeling trip is your challenge in Almeria for this summer.

Welcome to the protected Gata Cape and its Neptune Grass prairies (Posidonia oceanica). Environmental permits are required for running this educational activity. Last photo: White sea bream (Diplodus sargo).

Cabo de Gata summertime: white sea bream in rocky seabed.
Cabo de Gata summertime: white sea bream in rocky seabed.

Our partners:

Picachico | Casas Rurales en Almeria

Hostal Rural Restaurante Alba

Hotel MC San Jose. Parque Natural Cabo de Gata Nijar (Almeria)

Spanish Nature

Spanish Highs Mountain Guides, Sierra Nevada, Spain

Kisacar Rent A Car

Jesus Contreras

almerianature@mailbox.org

Culture and Nature tours in Almeria and Granada. Spain